Cochise, Geronimo, and the Apache Wars with Gregory McNamee

Pima County Public Library - Oro Valley Library Branch 1305 W. Naranja Drive, Oro Valley, Arizona

Their names resound in Arizona history and pepper the of the state map, but few people know well the tangled history that surrounds the so-called “Apache Wars”, when fully half of the active U.S. Army descended on the territory to combat a relative handful of Indigenous warriors. Ironically, the Apache peoples of the Southwest had […]

Maria Urquides: Mother of Bilingual Education with Jan Cleere

Pima County Public Library - Oro Valley Library Branch 1305 W. Naranja Drive, Oro Valley, Arizona

Maria Urquides’ Hispanic background made her the ideal teacher for Arizona’s bilingual schools, although she readily admitted she might go to hell for being ordered to punish students for speaking Spanish in the classroom. She stepped on more than a few administrative toes to attain her goal of promoting bilingual/bicultural education to children of all […]

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